Types

Types are JSON objects that define supported data types in configuration instances. A valid type require a bunch of attributes to be set. Five basic attributes are common to all types:

kind, and doc are mandatory attribute. default, inherit, and hook may or may not be specified by the author. default takes a value of the same kind as the type. inherit is either true or false, being false by default. The arity and hook attributes are mutually exclusive.

Arity

ACE types can have either one of four kinds or arities, specified in the arity attribute:

Marking a type as optional means that the type is not required by the application to operate properly. By extension, it means that no value at all for that type will be used by the application. Therefore, specifying a default field to an optional type is meaningless except if a dependency susceptible to promote the type to required exists in the model.

Ranged and enumerated

Ranged and enumerated types are types that support the range attribute and the either (enumeration) attribute.

The range attribute

The range attribute specifies a range within which the value must be defined:

"closed": "[ X, Y ]",
"open": "( X, Y )",
"open-left": "( X, Y ]",
"open-right": "[ X, Y )"

The either attribute

The either attribute specifies a list in which the value must be defined:

"either": [ V0, V1, V2, V3 ]

Value hook

A hook is a string composed of three parts separated by :: "SOURCE:MATCH:EXPANSION". SOURCE is the path of the option to be used as a value source. MATCH is a regular expression that define sub-pattern matches that will be later expanded into the EXPANSION field. The match/expansion syntax is similar to this of sed.

Example:

"option1": {
  "kind": "string", "arity": "1",
   "doc": "an option", "default": "hello_world"
} // -> hello_world

"option2": {
  "kind": "string", "hook": "@.option1:([a-zA-Z]+)_([a-zA-Z]+):\\1, \\2 !",
  "doc": "a second option"
 } // -> hello, world !

Kinds

Type Range Enumeration Specifics
boolean No Yes
cpuid Yes Yes Match value with # of active cpus available on the system
class No No
enum No Yes
file No Yes block, char, dir, fifo, regular
float Yes Yes double
ipv4 No Yes XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX, XXX as integer
integer Yes Yes int64_t
mac No Yes MAC address XX.XX.XX.XX.XX.XX, XX as hexadecimal
plugin No No
select No No
string No Yes
uri No Yes ipv4, file, http, ftp, smbcast

Boolean

The boolean kind of type describes a boolean type. Accepted values for that type are true and false.

"option": {
  "kind": "boolean", "arity": "1",
  "doc": "a boolean option"
}

Integer

The integer kind of type describes a 64-bit signed integer type.

"option": {
  "kind": "integer", "arity": "1",
  "doc": "an integer option"
}

Float

The float kind of type describes a 64-bit signed float type.

"option": {
  "kind": "float", "arity": "1",
  "doc": "a float option"
}

It also support positive infinity +inf and negative infinity -inf values.

CPUID

The cpuid kind of type describes a CPU identifier type. When used, extra checks are performed to ensure that the CPUID refers to a valid CPU number. Supported values are any integer ranging from -1 (any CPU) to SYSTEM_MAX_CPU - 1. Like integers, this option accept range, either, and default:

"option": {
  "kind": "cpuid", "arity": "1",
  "default": -1, "doc": "a CPUID option",
  "either": [ -1, 0, 1 ]
}

File

The file kind of type describes a filesystem file. When used, extra checks are performed to ensure that the file is corresponds to an allowed list of sub-types and can be accessed using specified mode. It requires one extra attribute: mode. The mode attribute is a string that contains the access mode to use. The accepted values are equivalent to these of fopen.

"option": {
  "kind": "file", "arity": "1",
  "doc": "a file option",
  "either": [ "fifo", "regular" ],
  "mode": "r+"
}

The sub-types of file recognized are: block, character, directory, fifo, and regular.

String

The string kind of type describes a string type. It supports one extra attribute: either. The either attribute is a N-value array that defines the set of acceptable values for that type:

"option": {
  "kind": "string", "arity": "1",
  "doc": "a string option", "either": [ "hello", "world" ]
}

MAC

The mac kind of type describes a MAC address type. It supports one extra attribute: either. The either attribute is a N-value array that defines the set of acceptable values for that type:

"option": {
  "kind": "mac", "arity": "1",
  "doc": "a MAC option",
  "either": [ "00:11:22:33:44:55", "66:77:88:99:AA:BB" ]
}

IPv4

The ipv4 kind of type describes a IPv4 address type. It supports one extra attribute: either. The either attribute is a N-value array that defines the set of acceptable values for that type:

"option": {
  "kind": "ipv4", "arity": "1",
  "doc": "an IPv4 option",
  "either": [ "192.168.1.1", "10.0.1.1" ]

URI

The uri kind of type describes a URI type. When used, extra checks are performed to ensure that the URI is valid. Supported schemes are file and http. It supports one extra attribute: either. The either attribute is a N-value array that defines the set of acceptable schemes:

"option": {
  "kind": "uri", "arity": "1",
  "doc": "an URI option", "either": [ "file" ]
}

Enum

The enum kind of type describes an integer-based enumeration. It supports one extra attribute: bind. The bind attribute is a N-value map that defines the set of acceptable values:

"option": {
  "kind": "enum", "arity": "1",
  "bind": {
    "ENUM_VAL_A": 0,
    "ENUM_VAL_B": 1,
    "ENUM_VAL_C": 2,
    "ENUM_VAL_D": 3,
  },
  "doc": "an enum option"
}

The generated code looks like this:

typedef enum _OptionType {
  ENUM_VAL_A = 0,
  ENUM_VAL_B = 1,
  ENUM_VAL_C = 2,
  ENUM_VAL_D = 3,
} OptionType;

Class

The class kind of type describes an option in the model that is defined by an external model. Options of that type are usually implemented as sub-sections in the configuration instance. It requires one extra attribute: model. The model attribute is a string that contains the path and name of the model to use:

"option": {
  "kind": "class", "arity": "1",
  "doc": "a class option", "model": "my_path/my_model.json"
}

Select

The select kind of type describes a selector of options that are dynamically generated using values from the configuration instance. The values of that option are used as name for options which types are taken from the templates section of the model. It requires two extra attributes: template and size. The template attribute is a string that contains the name of the template to use for the option. The size attribute is an arity attribute that defines how many entries in the selector are expected:

"strings": {
  "kind": "select", "arity": "?", "size": "+",
  "doc": "a select option", "template": "my_string_template"
}

The example above would dynamically generate options with type my_string_template and names defined as values in the select option. See the instance example below:

"strings": {
  "A_string": "hello",
  "B_string": "world"
}

It supports one extra attribute: either. The either attribute is a N-value array that defines the valid values for that type.

"strings": {
  "kind": "select", "arity": "?",
   "doc": "a select option",
   "either": [ "foo", "bar" ],
   "template": "my_string_template"
}

The example above defines a select option that generate new options of type my_string_template and that allow only the values hello and world:

"strings": {
  "foo": "hello",
  "bar": "world"
}

Plugin

The plugin kind type describes an selector objects that are dynamically generated using values from the configuration instance. These objects must inherit from the same base model. Plugins are dynamically loaded at run time and options are automatically computed using the trigger element of the model header, and the option are made available if and only if the models in the mapping are found in the model path. It requires two extra attributes: model, and target-arity. The model attribute is a string that contains the path and name of the model to use as a base model for the plugins. By default, the expected arity of the target class is 1. The attribute target-arity can be used to alter that default arity to +:

"plugins": {
  "kind": "plugin", "arity": "?", "doc": "a plugin option",
  "model": "my/base/Model.json",
  "target-arity": "+"
}

The new arity will be applied to all elements of the plugin.